This dog breed was created thousands of years ago (about 2000-3000 years ago). These dogs were followers of Mongoloid people who migrated from Siberia to Alaska.
Dogs and these people were very friendly and together they survived the most difficult weather conditions.
Because of this, it is claimed that the Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest domesticated dogs in the world.
The Malamute received it's name from the tribe which raised these dogs, the Inupiat people called Mahlemut.
People Mahlemut (today we know those people like as Kuuvangmiut and Kobuk) lived between rivers Kobuk and Noatak. This is a place with very cold weather and no vegetation, and therefore Mahlemut and their dogs had a special bond.
Mahlemuts used their dogs for hunting big game, and for hauling game to their villages.
They shared all food with their dogs. Very often, this people and their dogs were hungry. Because of this, Mahlemut people thought their dogs are family members.
Dogs and people love each other. People lives depended of their dogs. In very cold weather, people put their babies between dogs, because dogs are warmer than people and this was the only way to survive wicked Alaska. Some babies were fed with milk, with other puppies from their mother.
Because of the work that they were doing, those dogs were be very big and strong. Speed was not be essential, but those dogs were be very cleaver and mentally tough.
Mahlemut people were more intelligent and creative than other tribes from this area. Because of this, Mahlemuts development this unique breed of dogs from the north. This breed was guarded from other tribes, and not crossbred with other dogs.
Because of their size, Malamutes much resembled an arctic wolf.
Rumor has it that the Mahlemut people left their dogs in the forest bind to the tree, because they wanted to mate their dogs with wolf and on that way they would become stronger breed.
Paul Voelker claimed that the Alaskan Malamutes is the oldest breed of the North American continent and probably the breed that is longest tied to the man.
The bones that were found (date from about 12000 - 20000 years ago), showing at the core Malamutes as it exists today.
In Alaska about 1870-1880, reindeer vanished from unknown reason. Because of this, Mahlemuts and their dogs had much less food and they starved to death.
But, in 1896 in the place Klondike some people find gold. Alaska were then flooded with people looking for gold.
In this time, people were buying Alaskan Malamutes for towing big weight. Because of this, Malamutes were cross-bred with other dogs. And this is the time when the breed almost disappeared.
Despite of this, breed of the Alaskan Malamutes survived till today. Cross-bred dogs were less resistant to cold weather, and ate more than purebred Malamute. Because, this dogs were dying very fast.
Recognition of breed Alaskan Malamute
The American Kennel Club (AKC) acknowledged this breed at 1935. The first dog who inscribed in AKC were Rowdy of Nome from Chinook Kennel and Eva Short Seeley.
Than th standard of Alaskan Malamutes was prescribed:
Size of male 22-25 inches (56-63.5cm), and weight about 65-85 lbs (29.5-38.5 kg)
Size of female 20-23 inches (51-58.5cm), and weight about 50-70 lbs (22.5-32 kg)
All Alaskan Malamutes which were registered to 1950, were from Seeley Kennel who brought them from Kotzebue. There were more dogs whose owners claimed that they are Alaskan Malamutes but this dogs were not be registered in AKC. For example M'Loot malamutes and Hinman-Irwin malamutes. Those three types of dogs are the basic of breed Alaskan Malamute.
Alaskan Malamute today
There is a lot of discussion about that Alaskan Malamutes have a blood of the wolf, because it is very personal physical appearance like a arctic wolf and very great power. But today scientists consider that the Alaskan Malamutes don't have anything with wolves, and they are purebred domestic dogs.
Obvious differences between Malamutes and wolves, and if although strongly resemble wolf, and howl like wolf, this breed of dogs has lived with people for many years, and they depended on each other. Temperament of Alaskan Malamutes is very different of wolf temperament.
Today Malamutes kept all from their ancestors. They have a lot of power, love people, especially babies. Your best, Alaskan Malamutes show when the temperature is below zero.
Because of their ancestors the owners of this dogs, must know their history, must respect this dogs and must accept these dogs to their family. If owners follow this instructions, enjoy with these dogs is guaranteed.